Metastasis Breast Cancer and Patients’ Knowledge about Medication Safety, Adherence and Prevention: An Empirical Study in Iraq


  • Hafidh l. AI_Sadi College of MLT/Ahl Al Bayt University/ Kerbala/Iraq
  • Thaibia Abdul Razzaiq Medical technical college/Al-Farahidi University, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Mazin Eidan Hadi Medical Laboratory Techniques Department/ Al-Mustaqbal University college, Babylon, Iraq,
  • Ayad Abas Hasan college of media/The Islamic university in Najaf, Iraq,
  • Abed J. Kadhim Al-Nisour University College/Iraq
  • Omer Qutaiba B. Allela Department of Pharmacy, AlNoor University College, Nineveh, Iraq
  • Haider Hussain Jlood Mazaya University College/Iraq


Cancer, Adherence, Prevention, Medication safety, Patients knowledge.


In Iraq, particularly among women, the prevalence of cancer is notably high. Breast cancer is the least prevalent cancer in females worldwide, accounting for approximately 23 percent of all female cancers. Numerous factors point to an increase in breast cancer, but few have been identified as sufficient drug safety, prevention, and adherence for Iraqi patients with metastatic breast cancer. The format of the investigation was quantitative. To elicit a response, 350 cancer survivors in Iraq have been targeted. Three hundred thirteen questionnaires with appropriate and complete responses were obtained. The analysis of data was conducted using SPSS and AMOS. The results reveal a substantial relationship between patient education and drug safety, prevention, and adherence among Iraqi women with metastatic breast cancer. The study has increased practical and theoretical importance. The study contributes important insights to the expanding literature on pharmaceutical safety, preventative measures, and treatment adherence. Practically, the study is of similar significance since, with the increase in the prevalence of cancer, the only factor that can aid in stopping its rapid spread is adequate disease-related knowledge among patients, which is the central concept of this study.